Ammonium Perchlorate

Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is a white, crystalline, solid or powder inorganic compound with the formula NH4ClO4. It is the salt of perchloric acid and ammonia. The powerful oxidizer is used in the manufacture of rocket propellants; explosives and pyrotechnics; as an etching and engraving agent; and in analytical chemistry.

Applications

Ammonium Perchlorate is primarily used as the oxidiser in the manufacture of solid fuel rocket propellants.

Industry Uses
Oxidizing/reducing agents
Manufacturer of solid rocket propellant
Etching and engraving agent
Analytical chemistry

Consumer Uses
Explosive Materials
Manufacture of Fireworks and other Pyrotechnics

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Description

Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is a colorless, odorless, inorganic, crystalline compound with the molecular formula ClH4NO4 and CAS number 7790-98-9. It imparts a bitter and salty taste to water and does not readily burn, but will burn if contaminated by combustible materials. When powdered into particles smaller than 15 microns in diameter or if powdered into larger particles but thoroughly dried, ammonium perchlorate is classified as a division 1.1 explosive.

Ammonium perchlorate is considered acutely toxic and can be harmful if swallowed, cause serious eye irritation, skin irritation, and may cause respiratory tract irritation if its dust is inhaled.

Common Synonyms:
Perchloric acid – ammonium salt, perchlorate.

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